In 1863, the medal was authorized retroactively to officers who had performed such acts while enlisted soldiers, and had been subsequently commissioned. On March 13, 1863, a second version of the Kearny Medal was ordered established as a "Cross of Valor" for enlisted personnel. The new medal, known as the Kearny Cross, was awarded to any Union soldier who had displayed meritorious, heroic, of distinguished acts while in the face of an enemy force. By 1865, both the Kearny Medal and the Kearny Cross were commonly referred to by the single name of the Kearny Cross. Since the decorations were issued by local commanders, the medals remained unofficial awards and were not issued after the close of the Civil War.
Nevertheless, the Kearny Cross and Medal are regarded as one of the oldest military decorations of the United States Army, second only to the Badge of Military Merit and the Fidelity Medallion. Anna Etheridge with this award; a nurse and vivandiere born either on May 3, 1839, or May 3, 1844.
Also known as "Gentle Annie", she received the award for her bravery, gentleness, and kindness. Running into battle to heal wounded soldiers no matter the situation, she was always there. While serving under the 114th Pennsylvania Volunteers, also known as the Collis' Zouaves d'Afrique, she received the award for being wounded in the ankle.
She was in 13 battles, and carried a. Charlotte Elizabeth McKay received the Kearney Cross from the officers of the 17th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment, whom she had cared for after the Battle of Chancellorsville.The item "Civil War CDV of Captain James H Tallman 3rd Maine Vols With Rare Kearny Medal" is in sale since Wednesday, July 12, 2017. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\Spanish-Amer War (1898-1902)\Original Period Items". The seller is "civil_war_photos" and is located in Midland, Michigan. This item can be shipped worldwide.