You are viewing one of the rarest, most historic pieces of paper memorabilia created during the Civil War - a 100% original New York Soldier's Bounty Bond. Much of the population of New York City, which was heavily Democratic, was opposed to Abraham Lincoln's Conscription Act of 1863. The Draft was extremely unpopular with Irish immigrant laborers, who felt that freed Black laborers were taking jobs from them, and who were appalled by the carnage of the recent Battle of Gettysburg.
These and other circumstances led to the violent Draft Riots in New York, which caused the death of many innocent African Americans and had to be put down by the Army of the Potomac! New York County was compelled to pay an enlistment bounty to citizens who volunteered to serve as soldiers in the Union Army.
To this end, it issued special bonds known as Soldier Bounty Bonds, which paid 6% interest. This is one of those very bonds! The historic significance and collectible value of this very rare document will forever be assured by the following facts.
The bond is exquisitely engraved in cobalt blue on vellum-like bank note paper. It features an ornate border and counters (medallions displaying the serial number and dollar value), 10 different antique fonts (4 of which are used in the huge title surrounded by ornate flourishes), and 2 great vignettes.The smaller of the two is a New York County Seal flanked by a Sailor and an Indian. The larger one is a superb Civil War scene in which a mounted Union officer in a cape and feathered hat leads his troops into battle before tents and artillery in the background. The bond has a Civil War date and has three rare uncancelled clear "wet ink" autographs - that of Mayor Charles Godfrey Gunther, the County Comptroller Matthew C. Brennan, and the Clerk of the Board of Supervisors. The latter's large red embossed seal (with another Sailor and Indian) appears at the left. The bond states that it is issued in pursuance of an Ordinance of the Board of Supervisors of the County of New York passed June 25th, 1864 entitled. An Ordinance to provide for the procurement of volunteers for the Armies of the Union, as part and parcel of the quota of the City and County of New York under any future Call of the President for Men. The bond measures an impressive 8.5" x 12" and remains in choice, crisp, clean condition with very minor edge wear, which can be matted over. ONLY #'s 4 and 7 are left. 95 # 119 11/14/1864 Samuel M. Coney Island's famous Stillwell Avenue was named after the Stilwell s!!!! This magnificent Civil War treasure has it all - visual splendor, rarity, profound historic significance, and condition ranging from Excellent to Mint except for bond #2! - a can't miss proposition!! But HURRY because they are going fast. Part of American Civil War. Rioters and Federal troops clash. The New York Draft Riots July 13. Known at the time as Draft Week , were violent disturbances. That were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress. Men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War. The riots were the largest civil insurrection in American history apart from the American Civil War.
Sent several regiments of militia and volunteer troops to control the city. The rioters numbered in the thousands and were mainly Irish.
Smaller scale riots erupted in other cities about the same time. Initially intended to express anger at the draft, the protests degraded into "a virtual racial pogrom, with uncounted numbers of blacks murdered on the streets". The conditions in the city were such that Major General John E.
Stated on July 16, Martial law. Ought to be proclaimed, but I have not a sufficient force to enforce it. The military suppressed the mob using artillery and fixed bayonets, but not before numerous buildings were ransacked or destroyed, including many homes, the New York Tribune.
Office, and an orphanage for black children. An illustration of a building fire on Lexington Avenue. When the Civil War started in April 1861, New Yorkers quickly rallied behind the Union cause, including a massive rally at Union Square. Attended by an estimated 100,000 to 250,000. Called for 75,000 volunteers to join the military and fight for the Union, 8,000 from New York City signed up within ten days.
The First Battle of Bull Run. In July 1861 took a heavy toll on Union forces, including those from New York City, leading to declining enthusiasm and optimism. A large contingent of Democrats.
In New York City, known as Copperheads. Were opposed to the war and favored negotiated peace. New York Governor Horatio Seymour. Was elected in 1862, running on an anti-war platform. As the war dragged on, a military manpower shortage occurred in the Union.
Congress passed the first conscription act in United States history on March 3. Authorizing the President to draft citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 for a three-year term of military service.
Copperheads were dismayed by the news. This led to the derisive term "300 dollar man". In actuality, the draft was designed to spur voluntary enlistment, and relatively few men were formally drafted into service. Public perception among the middle and lower classes was that the war had become the rich man's war and the poor man's fight. The first drawing of names happened on Saturday, July 11.Names were put on small pieces of paper, placed in a box, and then drawn one-by-one. The names put into the drawing were mainly mechanics and laborers that had been published in newspapers. Though rioting in New York didn't commence yet, riots involving opponents of conscription. Broke out in other cities, including Buffalo. There was speculation about similar reaction in New York City to the draft, which coincided with the efforts of Tammany Hall.
(the base of Democratic power in the city) to enroll Irish immigrants as citizens so they could vote in local elections. Consequently, many such immigrants suddenly discovered they had to fight for their new country. One of those immigrants John Masterson, a voluntary firefighter, was outraged that formerly voluntary firefighters were exempt from military combat but that changed with the Conscription act. So he and the other firefighters from the Black Joke Engine Company 33 decided to muss the lottery office. When others heard of this they decided to come along to participate.
The second drawing of numbers was held on Monday, July 13. Ten days after the Union victory in the Battle of Gettysburg. A furious crowd of 500 led by the Black Joke Engine Company 33, soon attacked the assistant Ninth District Provost Marshal's Office, at Third Avenue and 47th Street, where the draft was taking place.The crowd began throwing large paving stones through windows, bursting through doors, and setting the building ablaze. Many of the rioters, being Irish labourers, were also opposed to gradualism. Because they did not want to compete with emancipated slaves for occupational opportunities.
The New York State Militia. Was absent, having been sent to assist Union troops in Pennsylvania.
Leaving the police to deal with the riots. The police superintendent, John Kennedy, came by on Monday to check on the situation. Although he was not in uniform, he was recognized by people in the mob and they attacked him. Kennedy was left nearly unconscious, having had his face bruised and cut, an injured eye, swelled lips, his hand cut with a knife, and a mass of bruises and blood all over his body. In response, police drew their clubs.
And charged the crowd, but the crowd overpowered them. The New York City Police Department. Forces were badly outnumbered and unable to quell the riots, however, they were able to keep the rioting out of Lower Manhattan.Immigrants and others in the "Bloody Sixth" Ward, around the seaport. Refrained from getting involved in the Draft Riots, having experienced more than enough antebellum. Violence in the 1830s and 1850s. Bull's Head Hotel, depicted in 1830, was burned in the riot. The Bull's Head hotel on 44th Street, which refused to provide alcohol, was burned.
The mayor's residence on Fifth Avenue, the Eighth and Fifth District police stations, and other buildings were attacked and set on fire. Other targets included the office of the leading Republican. Newspaper, the New York Tribune. Fire engine companies responded, however some of the firefighters were sympathetic to the rioters, since they too had been drafted on Saturday. Later in the afternoon, authorities shot and killed a man, as a crowd attacked the Armory at Second Avenue and 21st Street.
African Americans became a scapegoat. And the target of the rioters' anger. Many immigrants and poor viewed freed slaves as major competition for scarce jobs and African Americans as the reason why the civil war was being fought. Immigrants comprised a large portion of the rioters, though a large contingent of German. Immigrants, and other groups also participated.African Americans who fell into the mob's hands were often beaten, tortured, and/or killed, including one man that was attacked by a crowd of 400 with clubs and paving stones, then hung from a tree and set alight. The Colored Orphan Asylum on Fifth Avenue, which provided shelter for hundreds of children, was attacked by a mob. The police were able to secure the orphanage for enough time to allow orphans to escape. However, a nine-year-old girl from the orphanage, who was found hiding under a bed, was clubbed to death. Commerce in the city was halted, with workers joining the crowd.
Rioters went after the homes of notable Republicans. Including activist Abby Hopper Gibbons. Arrived on Tuesday and spoke at City Hall.Where he attempted to assuage the crowd by proclaiming the Conscription Act was unconstitutional. Brought approximately 800 troops in from forts in the New York Harbor. He also ordered the militias to return to New York. The situation improved on Wednesday, when assistant provost-marshal-general Robert Nugent received word from his superior officer to suspend the draft. As this news appeared in newspapers, some rioters stayed home. But, some of the militias began to return and used harsh measures against the remaining mobs. The 27th Indiana Volunteers and the 7th Regiment New York State Militia. In addition, the governor sent in the 74th and 65th regiments of the New York state militia, which had not been in federal service, and a section of the 20th Independent Battery, New York Volunteer Artillery. There were several thousand Federal troops in the city. A final confrontation occurred on Thursday evening near Gramercy Park. Resulting in the death of many rioters. The exact death toll during the New York Draft Riots is unknown, but according to historian James M. McPherson (2001), at 120 civilians were killed. Estimates are that at least 2000 more injured. Historian Samuel Morison wrote that the riots were "equivalent to a Confederate victory". The city treasury later indemnified. Fifty buildings, including two Protestant churches, burned to the ground. It was completed within 10 days without further incident, although far fewer men were actually drafted than had been feared: of the 750,000 selected for conscription nationwide, only about 45,000 actually went into service. While the rioting mainly involved the working class, the middle and upper-class New Yorkers had split sentiments on the draft and use of federal power or martial law.
Businessmen sought to have the draft declared unconstitutional. The Draft Riots are fictionally portrayed in the novels On Secret Service. Was set in an orphanage for black children that came under siege during the Draft Riots. Readers are told that the riots during an earlier Civil War finally won by the Confederate States.End in the creation of a Manhattan commune. Compare with the Paris commune. In the Newt Gingrich novel Grant Comes East. The riots are portrayed as far more severe than they were in actuality, as this book is a sequel to his previous novel.
Where the Confederacy won the Battle of Gettysburg. Film Gangs of New York.
Set in the years prior to and including the Draft Riots, attempts to depict the birth of Manhattan and the way the different waves of immigrants have shaped [New York City's] evolution. The film includes an extended scene depicting the events.One notable scene shows Union Navy. Warships firing on the city. That is factually incorrectno U. Navy vessels fired on the city during the riots. The item "RAREST ORIG CIVIL WAR UNION SOLDIER BOUNTY BOND!
LIVING CIV WAR HISTORY cv $2500" is in sale since Wednesday, August 02, 2017. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Stocks & Bonds, Scripophily\Government & War Bonds". The seller is "collect-a-thon" and is located in New York, New York.
This item can be shipped worldwide.